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Lines that divide, ties that bind: race, class, and gender in women's flood recovery in the US and UK

Enarson, E.; Fordham, M.
Australian Journal of Emergency Management

June 1, 2001

This paper examines diversity in flood impact and recovery in major floods in the US (Red River Valley, Upper Midwest 1997), and UK (East and West Scotland 1993 and 1994), bringing a comparative perspective to two primary questions: First, how did the social relations of race/ethnicity, social class and gender increase the structural vulnerability of women in communities subject to flooding? Secondly, how did these patterns affect women's subsequent recovery from major flooding?